Shalom fine Kineti reader, and chag sameach. Here are some notes I jotted tonight for the significance of the 4 cups of Passover for Messianic believers. I hope you enjoy!
The Jewish people have several traditions around the 4 cups. One prominent tradition is that the 4 cups correspond to the 4 “I will…” statements of Exodus 6:
I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will save you from slavery to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment. I will take you to be my people…
We take these 4 cups remembering the works of God, aspects of his saving Israel, facets of his salvation:
- “I will bring you out” – sanctification
- “I will save you” – deliverance
- “I will redeem you” – redemption
- “I will take you as My people” – restoration
We also take these 4 cups in remembrance of Messiah. At Passover, Messiah commands us to “do this in remembrance of Me” – but what are we remembering about Messiah?
- Messiah calls us to be holy – sanctification – by living the life of a disciple.
- Messiah has saved us from sin – deliverance – through the shedding of his blood.
- Messiah has redeemed mankind, as the prophet Isaiah spoke “the righteous one, my servant, shall make many accounted righteous, because he poured out his soul to death and bore the sin of many.” Through Messiah pouring out his blood, God redeemed from every nation a people for himself.
- The coming Messianic Era, the Kingdom of Heaven, is the restoration of the world, in which there is only one nation – the Kingdom of God – with one king, the Messiah.
Cup 1: Sanctification
“I will take you out…”
With this first cup we remember God pulling Israel out of the nations and setting them apart from the world.
We remember how God took a bunch of nobody slaves and called them to be distinct from the nation they were living in. He took people that were suffering and dissolving and disappearing, he listened to their cries for help, and responded to their cries, “I will take you out!”
This separate-ness – called sanctification – is why God (Continued at Kineti L’Tziyon)