As explained in the introduction to this series, the most basic building block for the restoration of all Israel is the family. To begin understanding how this basic building block is supposed to work, we need to begin to understand the creation order, and for that, we begin in the writings of Paul.
But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman, and God is the head of Christ.  For a man ought not to have his head covered, since he is the image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of man.  For man does not originate from woman, but woman from man;  for indeed man was not created for the woman’s sake, but woman for the man’s sake.  Therefore the woman ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels.1 Corinthians 11:3,7-10 NASB
We know that Paul upheld Torah so have you ever wondered where Paul is getting this from? I think we do this passage and ourselves a disservice when we only focus on the literal head covering debate. Paul is using a physical example to teach some very important spiritual truths. He is clearly teaching headship and authority structure and he references creation so we should be able to pick up on what he is talking about if we go back to Genesis.
God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.Genesis 1:27 NASB
Notice two related statements here with a very specific pronoun used in the first statement. I realize that the word man (Adam) can refer to mankind sometimes in scripture but I do not believe that it does in this verse. Also notice that Paul in 1 Cor. 11:7 very obviously leaves out the image when speaking about the woman. So Man is the direct image bearer and woman is indirect because she was made from man. From this we can see that Yah begins to reveal the headship structure even in the process of the creation.
This thing we call marriage is intended to be a reflection (image) of the relationship between Yah and his people. This begins to be revealed right here when we are first told about the creation of Adam and woman. The teaching that both man and woman are the direct image bearer is not supported by scripture, and it breaks the model that we see played out throughout the rest of scripture. We as men are supposed to glorify Yah by imaging him and by pointing others to him. We should be in awe of him to the degree that we talk about him constantly and we are so in love with him that it just spills out of us in every conversation we have. We should be continually pointing others to him and his word. This is the same manner in which a woman should be in awe of her head (man).
In verse 8 Paul points to  For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man.
So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place.  The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man.  The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man.”Genesis 2:21-23 NASB
This is yet another reason why a woman needs a man’s authority (covering) because she is “of the man” literally made from his bone. She is to be a part of him and assimilate to him as such. Notice that Adam named her gender as well in the same manner that he named the animals. I think we miss the importance of this in our western mindset. Naming power carries a huge amount of authority and it assigns a specific duty or trait to the person or thing being named. We don’t think of it in that way within our western mindset but this principle is evident all through the scriptures and we see examples of it over and over again even in English translations. I often wonder how much of this we miss if we are unable to read it in the original language, such as the name Yeshua, possibly our best example.
In verse 9 Paul points out  Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man.
Then the LORD God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him.”  The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him.Genesis 2:18,20 NASB
So the original (and continuing) purpose for the woman is to be a suitable helper for the man. What exactly is she supposed to help him with? Well it is none other than the original point made in the beginning of this post. She is to help him complete the picture of imaging Yah. Men are to be subject to their head (Yeshua) in everything. Woman is to be subject to her head (man) in everything. The complete picture is all about imaging Yah.
So, to sum up this opening thought regarding the creation order and Yah’s (not man’s) authority Structure, Paul says, ‘God → Messiah → Man → Woman.’ He makes no apologies for it and he does not attribute it to culture or some ancient time and place. Rather, this is firmly rooted in Yah’s plan and purpose.
Pete’s additional comments:
Indeed, while this is not a popular idea in modern western culture, Scripture is clear. In fact, Tom Shipley, in his excellent book, Man and Woman in Biblical Law, presents six ‘proofs’ from the creation story evidencing the very point Paul makes in I Corintians 11. While I will simply list them here, he takes several pages explaining and further supporting each.
- The woman was made for man.
- The woman was made from man.
- Temporal sequence of creation of man and woman. I.e., Adam created first.
- Adam’s naming authority and his naming of woman, both in her generic and personal aspect.
- God’s act of bringing the woman to the man and presenting her as a gift.
- The name of ‘Adam’ itself.
We will be considering this more in depth as this series develops, but in this post we have much to begin processing as we understand the most basic element of the family: the authority structure.